Unlocking the True Potential of MVP: Building Solutions Users Love

In the fast-paced world of technology, where innovation and rapid development are the keys to success, the term “MVP” or “Minimum Viable Product” has become a buzzword. Coined by Frank Robinson in 2001, the concept of MVP was originally meant to be a powerful tool for developing successful products. However, over time, it has lost its essence and has been misunderstood and misused by many tech companies. In this article, we will explore the true meaning of MVP and how it can be harnessed to create products that customers truly value.

Frank Robinson’s Definition: The Right-Sized Product

Frank Robinson’s definition of MVP is clear and insightful: “The MVP is the right-sized product for your company and your customer. It is big enough to cause adoption, satisfaction, and sales, but not so big as to be bloated and risky.” This definition emphasizes the importance of striking the right balance between features and complexity. An MVP should be substantial enough to create value for users and drive adoption, but it should avoid unnecessary complexity and risk that might hinder its success.

Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Satisfaction

To delve deeper into the concept, we can view an MVP as a solution that improves user outcomes across the three crucial aspects of great user experience: effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction. In other words, an MVP should solve the problem it aims to address, do so efficiently, and leave users satisfied with the experience.

The Lean Approach to MVP

To minimize risk and maximize return on investment (ROI), an MVP should also embody the principles of Lean. Jeff Gothelf and Josh Seidon, in their book “Lean UX,” define an MVP as “the smallest thing you can build to test each hypothesis” and highlight the importance of customer feedback in validating proposed solutions efficiently.

The Problem with Traditional Approaches

One of the challenges many companies face is stopping at the “minimal amount of work” part when creating an MVP. Rushing to release something without incorporating customer feedback can lead to suboptimal products that fail to address user needs effectively.

Additionally, some companies focus solely on output metrics, such as completing all committed points or increasing velocity, rather than measuring the actual outcomes of their products. This can lead to a superficial understanding of an MVP, where the emphasis is on releasing something quickly rather than building something that genuinely improves user lives.

Skateboards & Car Frames: A Metaphor for MVP Development

To better understand the right approach to MVP development, consider the metaphor of building a solution for users currently commuting by foot. Instead of just tacking on features, imagine progressing from a skateboard to a car, with intermediate steps such as a scooter and a bike.

Each step in this metaphor represents a value-driven iteration, where the goal is to deliver increased value to customers over time. The emphasis is on continuous learning and improvement based on user feedback, leading to the development of a product that best serves users’ needs.

Embracing Outcomes in an Agile World

Shifting the focus from output to outcomes in an Agile development environment may seem challenging, but it is essential for building successful products. To achieve this shift, regular user feedback is crucial. Teams should find ways to get in front of users regularly, even if it means conducting guerilla-style or remote research.

Gaining buy-in from stakeholders and team members can be facilitated by demonstrating the value of user research in achieving shared goals, such as quicker releases and improved product-market fit.

Roadmap for Success

Implementing a user-centric approach to MVP development requires a thoughtful roadmap with success criteria at various stages. Defining incremental steps for establishing regular user research can help minimize frustration and ensure that the shift towards outcomes is achieved steadily.


The concept of MVP, though widely used, is often misunderstood and misapplied in the tech industry. To unlock its true potential, companies must shift their focus from output to outcomes, prioritize customer feedback, and embrace a Lean approach. By building MVPs that improve effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction for users, companies can release products quickly with confidence, knowing they are creating something customers truly value. In this way, MVP becomes a powerful tool for success, rather than a misused buzzword.

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